Friday, 5 October 2018

Norfolk churches 192-206: Metton to Hanworth

After last year's grand coastal sweep, this was an easy walk through fields and woods inland, touching on several other previous routes taken for the Norfolk Churches Trust (thanks to all those who have donated so far, taking us well past the £2000 mark; if you still want to give, you can do so here). Every church out of 14 (including chapels) in 14 miles had its idiosyncratic treasure, and the area is especially rich in brasses - detail of John Puttok's in All Saints, Thwaite above - and round towers. It was an overcast day, but not without subtle shifts in light and cloud, and there was only one downpour just before we reached the last church.

We started at Saint Andrew, Metton, and somehow missed the novelty - the arches for processions to pass through the medieval tower, as at the much grander edifice at Walpole St Peter. The interior felt a bit gloomy and slightly underloved, but the eye is drawn to the 16th century Flemish roundels in the east window, installed in 1956 in memory of Mrs. Ketton-Cremer, mother of the last squire of Felbrigg Hall, the very literary friend of Anthony Powell R W Ketton-Kremer, who bequeathed the hall to the National Trust when he died in 1969. There was a local hullabaloo about his being outed in a short film, narrated by Stephen Fry, to mark the 50th anniversary of the decriminalisation of homosexuality, in which the NT admirably decided to join with its 'Prejudice and Pride' initiatives.

No St Sebastian here, but Jerome and Laurence feature according to the leaflet (wrong in one respect, I fancy, as that's surely a reaper below), and in premonition of the National Trust's acorn symbol, there's an oak on the angel-held heraldry which is nicely reflected in the ones beyond the window.

Handsome trees and birds in abundance. including an untimely barn owl, accompanied our first walk to the Felbrigg estate.

Two bee hives in a hedgerow were buzzing with activity

while rooks were cawing and flapping in the field in front of St Margaret, Felbrigg, prettily shielded by a smaller wood than the one we'd just come through.

The church stands at some distance from the house and is outside the care of the National Trust; it belongs to Roughton Parish and needs a bit of work. Simon de Felbrigg's badge is in several places on the outside of the building, including the west door.

while they've found a statue of St Margaret to put above the porch entrance.

The glories of St Margaret are its brasses, one of the finest in the country, stretching across two and a half centuries, chronicled in detail in the excellent church guide with its fine drawings by a Victorian rector. Much pulling away and replacing of carpets necessary here. The foursome behind the altar rail was commissioned in c.1380 by Sir Simon de Felbrigg in honour of his grandfather, also Simon, and father, Roger, and their wives, Alice de Thorp and Elizabeth Scales.

Half concealed by the altar is Jane Coningsby, a daughter of another local family, the Windhams. She died in 1608 at the age of 67 - hence the Jacobean attire - and has a fine eulogy in verse.

Her brother, Thomas Windham, d.1599, is in the aisle.

There's a chronicle at Felbrigg recounting the transportation in 1612 of these brasses on their Purbeck marble slabs from London to Felbrigg via sea to Yarmouth and 'long boate' to Coltishall Bridge, from whence they were transported in two carts.

Most glorious, as befits his rank as standard-bearer to Richard II, and as knight of the garter who lived on to serve Henry V in the French wars, is Sir Simon Felbrigg, d.1416, with his first wife Margaret of Bohemia, maid of honour to that same Lady Anne so slimily wooed by Shakespeare's Richard III. They're somewhat squeezed in between the box pews, and best seen from the pulpit..

Last but not least is a brass of about 1480, sans inscription, representing a young girl with hair flowing down to her waist.

If these were not riches enough for one church,  the Felbrigg connection also yields us a fair number of monuments. That to Thomas Windham, made by Martin Morley of Norwich in 1669 for £45, is dismissed by Pevsner as 'rustic', but the naive can charm, as in the trumpeting angels.

More controversial is the monument to statesman William Windham (1750-1810) facing it. Undoubtedly the bust by Nollekens is very fine

 but both that and the marble sarcophagus below, with its eloquent inscription (click to read in larger form),

break up a beautifully-wrought sedilia of about 1400

and dominate it.

The 15th century roof still has its original timbers

though some of the bosses, damaged by death-watch beetles, were replaced in 1956. Whether these are among them, I don't know, but they're very splendid.

So we walked through the park,

past a group of cows framing the house

and looking back to the church

past the lake, before the brow of the next hill revealed our third destination, St Peter and St Paul Sustead, the first of our round towers.

This has been the best year for fat, juicy blackberries, which refreshed us at almost every turn.

St Peter and St Paul is nicely fringed with trees, like most of its companions

and beyond the graveyard there's a handsome house all on its own to complement the church, just glimpsed here.

This was the first of the churches we found manned, by a lady with her dog.

He counterpoints the lions on on the coats of arms around the octagonal font.

The dolphins on the shield here

are replicated in the village sign (after our visit we took a detour to collect a converted Methodist church).

There's a 'rustic' (Pevsner) Jacobean font which came from another church

nicely adorned with angel heads

but the best angels are to be found, headless, in the tracery of the south nave windows. One is playing a rebec, the other bagpipes with a lion head.

Their companions in the next window are an intact female saint carrying a book and St Catherine with her wheel.

The Arts and Crafts Prodigal Son windows are rather fine, too - this is the second pair.

Onwards, past flint-fronted houses with sunflowers and roses

to our first active 'Primitive' Methodist Church in Sustead

where, as always with the Methodists, we received the warmest welcome from a jolly lady

and the best refreshments until Aldborough. Next stop Gresham, its name that of the next big family in the area. Sir Thomas Gresham's grasshopper is also on the weathervane of the Royal Exchange, which he founded in 1565.

All Saints has little sign of aristocratic patronage and the Victorian restoration is clear on the outside, though of course the round tower with early 14th century bell openings is an adornment.

Simon Knott in his excellent Norfolk Churches guide - we shall never catch up with his 900-plus citings - entertainingly recounts Protestant-puritan Lt Col Batt's battle against an Anglo-Catholic priest here which resulted in the removal of richer furnishings. The poor army man's wits might have been turned by the loss of three sons in the Second World War, movingly recorded in the chancel.

There is, however, one treasure here which a more militant Puritanism seems to have missed, since most of the faces are intact: the great font with its seven sacraments.

The carving looks so modern, but it's all apparently original. The eighth side of the font shows Christ's baptism

while the others all vividly illustrate scenes from contemporary life.

A falcon was hovering above the trees surrounding the church

as we headed into more open country. Someone must have sown this semi-wild, bee-friendly flower patch just beyond a bend in the road.

Then we were in the remoteness of Bessingham. The churchyard of St Mary is maintained by the Norfolk Wildlife Trust - forgive me if I repeat the photo which headed my earlier 'trailer' -

and there were some splendid mushrooms among the grasses.

Our lunch was the usual, in memory of Jill's mother Mary, for whom we still walk as much as for ourselves. As the other three took up the bench, I borrowed the organ stool.

The Anglo-Saxon tower is fine indeed, with slightly different stone,

and while the inside was rather dark on a cloudy day,

the thorough restoration does include some bold glass both in the orangey-yellow east window by workshop of Powell and Sons

and in the south windows by Kempe.

Along lanes we never shared with a single car, treelined between big Norfolk fields on high ground,

we came to All Saints, Thurgarton, a prime example of why we raise money as we do. Although it lost its tower in the late 19th century,

All Saints was well worth the loving ministrations of the Churches Conservation Trust and the Redundant Churches Fund.

The simplicity to which the CCT restores the buildings in its care usually makes them the most visitor-friendly, and I liked this bright and airy interior the best

even before close inspection of its treasures, the 15th century benchends.

Victorian varnish probably helped to preserve them. The profane imagination of the woodworkers runs riot here.This lion looks more like a friendly pug.

This dragon seems to have got the better of an unfortunate human.

The elephant and castle/howdah is also found in two other Norfolk churches, possibly carved by the same hand.

 One of two tuns, which the guide conjectures may be a play on the village's name, though I don't get it (tun? Thurgarton?)

 There's also a complete rood stairway,

and  next to it one of several statue niches (the church also has its piscina and sedilia).

An Elizabethan or Jacobean wall-painting would have been decorated for instructive purposes after the Reformation's whitewashing-over of the originals

and there is a delightful local Commandment board of about a century later.

The restoration included fine re-thatching - I bet the locals never thought they'd see that again -

and in the graveyard are uplifting lines on a tombstone for Richard Sperrell (d.2009).

Then came my favourite stretch of the walk - the last of the lanes with fabulous lichen on every tree

and a path alongside a field with a wood on the other side: more blackberries

and a pheasant (common, but so colourful).

Finally, we were back in a settlement, ticking off a second converted Methodist chapel - the owner genially told us that walkers had in previous years come straight through to his kitchen -

and the village green at Aldborough.

I got a good feeling about this place, not least because the villagers were clearly welcoming much-loved local Lib Dem MP Norman Lamb, according to the parish noticeboard

and the hunch was confirmed by our friendliest welcome of all in the least promising church, the very recent Prince Andrew's Chapel (yes, that Prince Andrew, no idea why).

The ladies here made us tea and coffee and told us about village life.

The pub has only just reopened, and reverted to its unfortunate name of The Black Boys (formerly changed to 'Black Cat'). Of course there's no major church here to serve the community; you have to walk out of the village some distance and turn right on the Holt to North Walsham road, and there on the left is St Mary, Aldborough, another victim of tower collapse (in 1790), with an attractive bell turret added in 1906.

The little dog here was exceptionally friendly, and distracted me from looking at the details. But J did point out the amusing motto of the Gay family, which may serve as a Christmas card.

The tracery in the east window features flowers associated with the Rev. John Gudgeon Nelson, who planted bulbs in the churchyard

and there are an attractively detailed St Francis and St Michael in the north aisle.

Now, however, we're back to the brasses - in this case Herwards Robert (d.1481)

and Anne (d. 1485)

as well as Richard Richards in his fur-lined gown (d.1493)

There's a remarkable concentration of churches around here, including one across the fields not on our itinerary

and two within a quarter of a mile of each other on the same road as St Mary. We were lucky to find them open past 6pm. The first, its round tower handsome of approach, is All Saints, Thwaite

which has another fine pulpit, of 1624, next to bright Victorian windows of faith, hope and charity

and brasses of one John Puttok (d. 1442) and his wife (d.1469).

St Ethelbert, Alby, is less welcoming,

though I liked the shaded graveyard.

One vicar here had assembled fragments of Victorian and Edwardian glass

and the other attraction, a clock by one 'J. Fitt of Aylsham', lovingly restored.

And so, in a sudden heavy shower, fortunately the only one of the day, down another valley and up the other side to St Bartholomew, Hanworth

which looks handsome from every angle and sits facing the early 18th century front of Hanworth Hall with a deer park in between - a more perfect rural fit of church and manor couldn't be imagined.

Heavy restoration of the spacious interior has taken its toll, but I didn't mind the Arts and Crafts paintings.

The overall impression is still handsome

and this inscription has its interest.

What more beautiful setting for owls to inhabit?

Then an easeful final stretch back to Metton, first heading down the Hanworth valley with views back to the church

and across (with more food for free) to the house,

after which - my camera ran out of juice, you may be relieved to know, we crossed the fascinating common on the other side with a few settlements lining it - not your usual village green - and then, back in car, headed to Cromer for fish and chips in the posh(er) upper bit of an undeservedly celebrated joint, complete with stressy staff under strange orders to delay serving us. Won't be going back there. Further unwinding the next day, when the sun finally deigned to appear fitfully, at favourite Overstrand.

A dip was on the cards no matter what the weather. The sea, having been so warm (Cally said) in August, was too cold to swim in for long, but we did it, overlooked by a solitary cormorant.

Then it was our habitual feast of fresh crab and lobster from the shack

which we quickly polished off

and back on the train to London within the hour.

Here, as before, are the links to narratives of previous Norfolk church walks:

Happisburgh to Winterton 2017
Honing to North Walsham 2016
Cromer to Southrepps 2015
Mileham to Bittering, 2014
Beechamwell to Gooderstone, 2013
Ingoldisthorpe to Thornham, 2012
East Rudham to Helhoughton, 2011
Wormegay to Castle Acre, 2010
Walpoles to Wiggenhalls, 2009
King's Lynn to Sandringham, 2008


David Damant said...

Your young lady with then long hair is standing on a "label", that is, an addition placed over a coat of arms to indicate an heir ( the label to be removed on inheriting) or a less close relation. Further, the label on our left might well show three lions passant guardant in pale indicating a royal connection ( see the arms of England ) If so I wonder if she married into the red rose or the white rose?

David said...

It seems our questions may well remain unanswered. I noticed the lion outlines too.

Jonathan said...

Lovely account David! I'd like to specifically sign up for the crab and lobster fest please!

Susan Scheid said...

You certainly covered a lot of ground--but then on the church walks you always do. I was very taken with the brass detail with which you headed your post. It's interesting to think of brasses like these, of people like the Puttoks, who, or at least I assume this, are otherwise lost to time. I assume, also, that what is controversial about the Wyndham statue is its placement. Perhaps that's not what you meant, but it put to mind how often I'm surprised by placements like this, with one artwork/artifact obscuring part of another. I do wonder what the thinking is with that. Well, as you've shown, once again, the more you look, the more you see, and oh, my, does that crab ever look delicious.

David said...

Congratulations, both - you passed the test of wading through all that text and all those pics to be rewarded with a sight of (by then polished off) crab. Jonathan, I think you know Overstrand from Southrepps Festival excursions to the beaches. Certainly makes me nostalgic thinking of the cold swim followed by the lunchtime reward.

And yes, Sue, I meant that the Windham memorial, jammed up against the sedilia, obscures some of it, even if it does somehow fit. And curious that it only takes a brass inscription to be removed, as in the case of the girl with the long hair in Felbrigg's church, to have the identity lost to us for ever.

David Damant said...

Can storied urn or animated brass
Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath?
Can admiration change the distant past
Or pictures sooth the cold dull ear of Death?

David said...

Another shade of Gray... This is what's written at the foot of the Thomas Windham brass in Felbrigg:

Livest thov Thomas? Yeas. Where? With God on Highe.
Art thov not dead? Yeas. And here I lye.
I that with men on earth did live to die.
Died for to live with Christ eternallie.

His sister Jane Coningsby gets a better one, I think.

If Ioy and Peace doe theire blest sovles adorne
That here to God and men trve faith have borne
O how can thy felicitie be tolde
Whose vertves (thovgh thov dead) shall neare grow cold
With mercie to the poore thy hart did flow
The frvuit of mercie now they sovle doth know.

Unknown said...

That's it. I'm coming next year even if I'm not invited. I shall just loiter along behind you. Beautiful account of the walk and stunning photography. All Saints Thwaite, my favourite. The picture of John Puttock set against the lovely mottled blue is wonderful. He is standing in the first position for a sun salutation, centred, mindful and aware. I also loved the young girl with her hair flowing down to her waist. Reading this account of the walk and seeing these pictures was a lovely way to end the working day. Fantastic David. Write a book ! Love Julie

David said...

Meditative brassfolk! I do love the individuality that creeps in within a century and a half in Felbrigg, though. Benchends and misericords are usually what make it for me - hence Thurgarton as my No. 1, including the general ensemble of a decluttered church that still feels like a sacred space.

Come! No need to stalk us! All nearest and dearest welcome...

Unknown said...

Wonderful account that makes our hasty pedalling round at the behest of BILLA seem incurious and scanty. She would be pleased!!love Tanya

David said...

Tell me more, Tanya. I looked up BILLA and all I came across was an Austrian supermarket chain. That can't be what you mean... I did note that cyclists were running in to some churches, getting signatures and running out again. Whereas the point is that there's something treasurable in every church, sometimes in an unexpected nook inside or out.

David said...

J tells me Billa (lower case) is Wilhelmine Harrod, great founder of it all, whose Shell Guide to Norfolk is so succinct but still so useful.

Unknown said...

Truly fascinating. Thank you for a fantastic account of the walk. I really enjoyed it. England is such a beautiful country. In my twenty years there I never manage to visit that region. Next time I will join you in the walk,
Un gran abrazo desde DublĂ­n,

David said...

Cristian! What an unexpected pleasure... Of course you must join us. It's always a firm fixture - second Saturday in September. So pencil it in right now. There are whole swathes of my own country I still don't know: Northumberland, most of Yorkshire. But closer to home there are surprising delights not far from London. Now we need to get to know Dublin and the east coast of your adoptive country.

Josie Holford said...

Wow! You have really outdone yourself in travelogue detail here. I am so happy that you - and people like you - take the time to appreciate these rural wonders. Hard to pick a favorite as you identified something unique and interesting about every church. (Btw “staffed” is a useful gender neutral alternative to “manned”).

Norfolk, history, bees and mushrooms … what could be better than that?

Thank you for doing the walk and thank you for taking the time to document it for the rest of us.

David said...

Thank you, Josie. I did wonder about 'manned' - whatever the source of the word, it didn't look quite right. But as a volunteer she wasn't exactly 'staff' either. I'll think on it.

Willym said...

I know I've been MIA as well as Missing-in-Blogging but that is a story for another more private conversation. As always you've taken me on an amazing journey with your words an photos and I thank you for that. It was much needed and even more appreciated.

David said...

Oh dear, Will, now you worry me. Do send me an email; I'm concerned. Thanks as ever for kind words.

Willym said...

Sorry didn't mean to worry you. Been a bit of a rough summer but nothing to worry about. I'll private message you later today. Big hugs to you and J.